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Правила чтения в английском языке.

Чтение гласных букв

Алфавитное название буквы В конце слова
гласная согласная гласная + r гласная +r +e (+ согласная)
I II III IV
А а [ ei ] [ ei ] take [ æ ] cat [ a: ] car [ εə ] care
O o [ ou ] [ ou ] rose [ o ] dog [ o: ] for [ o: ] more
U u [ ju: ] [ ju: ] use [ Λ ] cup [ ə: ] fur [ uə ] sure
E e [ i: ] [ i: ] Pete [ e ] pet [ ə: ] her [ iə ] here
I i / Y y [ ai / wai ] [ ai ] Mike
[ ai ] fly
[ i ] pig
[ i ] system
 
[ aiə ] tyre

 

a

[ei] [æ] [a:] [εə]
plane [plein] bag [bæg] car [ka:] care [kεə]

o

[əu] [ɔ] [ɔ:] [ɔ:]
nose [nəuz] box [bɔks] sort [sɔ:t] store [stɔ:]

u

[ju:] [ʌ] [ɜ:] [juə]
tube [tju:b] bus [bʌs] turn [tɜ:n] pure [puə]

e

[i:] [e] [ɜ:] [iə]
Pete [pi:t] pet [pet] her [hɜ:] here [hiə]

i

[ai] [i] [ɜ:] [aiə]
pine [pain] big [big] girl [gɜ:l] fire [faiə]

y

[ai] [i] [ɜ:] [aiə]
bye [bai] Syd [sid] myrtle [mɜ:tl] tyre [taiə]

Чтение гласных буквоcочетаний

 

oo [ u ] look, book, cook, good, foot
[ u: ] pool, school, Zoo, too
ee [ i: ] see, bee, tree, three, meet
ea [ i: ] tea, meet, eat, read, speak, clean, please
BUT: [ e ] bread, head, breakfast, healthy
au [ ei ] away, play, say, may ,today
ey grey, they

 

Чтение согласных буквосочетаний

ck [ k ] black, stick
ng [ ŋ ] sing, bring, ring, reading
sh [ ∫ ] she, shop, fish
ph [ f ] phone, photograph
[ v ] nephew
th [ ð ] this, that, the
[ θ ] thank, thick
[ t ] Thames
wh [ w ] when, white, why
Исключение: [ h ] who
kn [ n ] know, knife
wr [ r ] write, wrong
gh [ f ] enough
[ - ] high
gn [ n ] sign
ss [ s ] possible
[ ∫ ] pressure
sc [ sk ] screen
[ s ] scene
nk [ ŋk ] think
ch [ t∫ ] chess
[ k ] chemistry
[ ∫ ] machine
tch [ t∫ ] match
qu [ kw ] question


в начало

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